## Contents

## USAGE:

internal_energy = gsw_internal_energy(SA,CT,p)

## DESCRIPTION:

Calculates the specific internal energy of seawater using the
computationally-efficient 75-term expression for specific volume in terms
of SA, CT and p (Roquet et al., 2015).

Note that the 75-term equation has been fitted in a restricted range of
parameter space, and is most accurate inside the "oceanographic funnel"
described in McDougall et al. (2003). The GSW library function
"gsw_infunnel(SA,CT,p)" is avaialble to be used if one wants to test if
some of one's data lies outside this "funnel".

## INPUT:

SA = Absolute Salinity [ g/kg ]
CT = in-situ temperature (ITS-90) [ deg C ]
p = sea pressure [ dbar ]
( i.e. absolute pressure - 10.1325 dbar )

SA & CT need to have the same dimensions.
p may have dimensions 1x1 or Mx1 or 1xN or MxN, where SA & CT are MxN.

## OUTPUT:

internal_energy = specific internal energy, u [ J/kg ]

## EXAMPLE:

SA = [34.7118; 34.8915; 35.0256; 34.8472; 34.7366; 34.7324;]
CT = [28.7856; 28.4329; 22.8103; 10.2600; 6.8863; 4.4036;]
p = [ 10; 50; 125; 250; 600; 1000;]

internal_energy = gsw_internal_energy(SA,CT,p)

internal_energy =

1.0e+005 *

1.148091576956162
1.134013145527675
0.909571141498779
0.408593072177020
0.273985276460357
0.175019409258405

## AUTHOR:

Trevor McDougall [ help@teos-10.org ]

## VERSION NUMBER:

3.05 (16th February, 2015)

## REFERENCES:

IOC, SCOR and IAPSO, 2010: The international thermodynamic equation of
seawater - 2010: Calculation and use of thermodynamic properties.
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Manuals and Guides No. 56,
UNESCO (English), 196 pp. Available from the TEOS-10 web site.
See Eqn. (2.11.1) of this TEOS-10 Manual.

McDougall, T.J., D.R. Jackett, D.G. Wright and R. Feistel, 2003:
Accurate and computationally efficient algorithms for potential
temperature and density of seawater. J. Atmosph. Ocean. Tech., 20,
pp. 730-741.

Roquet, F., G. Madec, T.J. McDougall, P.M. Barker, 2015: Accurate
polynomial expressions for the density and specifc volume of seawater
using the TEOS-10 standard. Ocean Modelling.

The software is available from http://www.TEOS-10.org